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Model-driven Development of QoS-enabled distributed Applications
Citation key Weis:2004:Diss
Author Torben Weis
Year 2004
Address Berlin
School Technische Universtit├Ąt Berlin
Abstract The term Quality of Service (QoS) describes how well an application or service performs. Hence, QoS can describe properties such as response time, availability, the level of encryption, throughput etc. QoS is important for multi-media (i.e. video and audio applications) as well as for enterprise applications. The presented work focuses on QoS-aware enterprise applications. Enterprise applications are concerned with business transactions such as ordering a product or transferring money between two accounts. QoS properties of enterprise applications determine, for example, how many transactions the system can handle in a certain time frame, how many concurrent users it can serve, or how available the system will be. Middleware tools and libraries shield the developer almost completely from the realization of distribution. In an ideal world, QoS-enabled middleware could do the same for QoS, i.e. the developer does not have to care how QoS is realized. However, the design of an application is highly dependent on its QoS properties. This means that QoS must be tackled at the design phase and this is not possible with an approach solely based on QoS-enabled middleware. This thesis shows how a model-driven approach can overcome this limitation. The development starts with a platform independent model (PIM), which describes the behavior and QoS properties of an application. This model is automatically transformed by a model transformation into a platform specific model (PSM). The PSM describes the design for a concrete implementation on a specific platform, i.e. operating system, programming language, and middleware. Due to the automatic model transformation, tools can influence the platform-specific design and take care of the PIM QoS properties. To realize this scenario, two problems had to be solved: the modeling of QoS properties in the PIM and the model transformation. Current approaches to model transformation require in depth knowledge of the modeling language and its internals. To simplify the construction of transformers, the visual rule-based transformation language Kafka and associated tools based on graph transformation theory have been developed throughout this thesis. Kafka simplifies the implementation of transformers because it builds on the notation of the PIM and the PSM. Hence, it shields the developers of model transformers from the internals of the modeling languages, i.e. the meta models. To create PIMs of QoS-aware applications, a modeling language called PIQML has been developed which is based on UML 2.0 components, hierarchical message sequence charts, and a novel meta model extension for QoS contracts. The thesis shows how PIQML models can be mapped to several target platforms, i.e. programming languages and middleware products. Based on PIQML and Kafka, the CASE tool Kase has been developed which integrates the editing of PIQML models (i.e. PIMs), UML models (i.e. PSMs), and Kafka transformations. The result is an integrated tool chain for the model-driven development of QoS-aware distributed applications.
Bibtex Type of Publication Dissertation
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